By the end of the 20th century the dyes industry, as the textile industry, have become enmeshed in the worldwide economic developments, with shifts in manufacture depending on the amount of labor involved. Innovation in technology and automation have produced large improvements in productivity. Dye formulation by computer and systematic investigations of dye application processes have resulted in science replacing art in dyeing. Ecological concerns in dye manufacture and application are shaping modern processes.
The textile industry and dye manufacturing became fully industrialized in the western world. Man-made dyes were synthesized by the thousands and hundreds became more commercially available.
Concerns for the environment resulted in large investments by traditional dye manufacturers and the textile industry to produce dyes and colored textiles with reduced impact on the environment.
Color formulation was modernized by exploiting color science, using reflectance measurement and computerized formula prediction.
Manufacture of textiles becomes a world business with heavy competition fro large markets. The US textile industry made major investments to become world competitive.
Dyeing technology made great strides with development of continuous dyeing, package dyeing and jet dyeing. Synthetic fibers require new kinds of dyes and processing equipment. Dyehouses started automating their processes. Fiber reactive dyes revolutionized dyeing of cotton.
To be continued…
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